Science & Technology

Children more distracted by digital devices in the home, parents say

Research from the Gonski Institute for Education reveals parents perceive digital devices as necessary for their kids’ learning but are worried about the distraction and activities they’re missing out on.

A research report by the Gonski Institute for Education at UNSW Sydney released today reveals digital media and technologies as a great distraction in Australian family life. More than nine out of ten parents think digital devices negatively distract their own lives, and 83% think their children are also negatively distracted by digital gadgets.

While parents find digital technologies useful in staying connected with their children and keeping them safe, three-quarters of parents think it is difficult to control their child’s digital habits. As many as 65% of parents also admit that negotiating the use of digital media and technologies at home causes conflicts with their children.

“Parents think that digital media and technologies have a dual power of offering children both benefits and drawbacks,” says Professor Pasi Sahlberg, Deputy Director of the Gonski Institute for Education. “Hence, we need smart solutions to address these complex challenges towards sustainable digital wellness for our youth.”

Prof. Sahlberg says perhaps the most worrying finding is that about a third of families allow their children to use their digital devices after bedtime every single day. Furthermore, three of five children who struggle in school regularly sleep with their digital gadgets.

“Although our study is not able to prove that night-time use of smartphone or computer causes difficulties to keep up good learning at school, parents should help their children to fall asleep without technology,” Prof. Sahlberg says.

Acording to earlier findings, two-thirds of Australian teachers observed more children arriving at school tired and often not ready to learn.

Growing up digital is also becoming an equity issue. According to the study, lower-income parents and lower-achieving students, in particular, are most at risk of distraction from interactive media use.

“This group of parents is less likely to implement effective monitoring and regulation strategies at home around the use of screens,” says Dr Amy Graham, Research Fellow at the Gonski Institute. “They’re also more likely to believe these devices are having no impact on child development.”

About half of parents surveyed say they would welcome more support from their child’s school to help them and their child to manage digital media and technologies use at home.

“Parents know they need to be role models in the safe and responsible use of digital devices at home, but they still find themselves negatively distracted by digital media and technologies,” says Dr Graham.

The study is also one of the first efforts to include grandparents’ views of their own and their grandchildrens’ digital media habits. Almost four in five grandparents feel they are in control of their own digital technology use, and most would rather see their grandchildren play sports than video games.

“These are not issues facing only schools or parents – we are all in this together. There are real opportunities for schools and parents to

have better conversations about these challenges, but they need support to do this,” Dr Graham says.

Growing Up Digital Australia is part of an international research project, including Harvard Medical School (U.S.) and Alberta Teachers Association (Canada), investigating how digital media and technologies impact children’s wellbeing, health, and eventually learning at school. The report surveyed nearly 2,500 parents, grandparents and caregivers and collected data about more than 5,000 children across Australia on home use of digital devices by young people during the pandemic.

The final phase of the research will begin later this year and will capture the views of young people on their use of digital media and technologies.

Key facts:

· More than four in five children own at least one screen-based device that belongs to them, and children own, on average, three digital devices at home. Personal ownership of gadgets starts as young as four years old.

· Only 46% of parents felt that their child spends a day without digital technology.

· 73% of parents and grandparents think it is harder to control their child’s digital habits since getting their own screen-based device.

· 65% of parents agreed that ‘negotiating digital technologies use causes conflicts in our home’.

· 83% of parents, carers and grandparents felt that their child was negatively distracted by digital technologies.

· Half of parents said that they would welcome more support from their child’s school to help them and their child to manage digital media and technologies use at home.

Read the Growing Up Digital Australia Phase 2 Technical Report.

Growing Up Digital Australia is a ground-breaking research project by the Gonski Institute for Education designed to understand how the widespread use of technology impacts Australian children. Building on the research methodologies developed by Harvard Medical School and the University of Alberta, this longitudinal study investigates how digital technologies are being used, the benefits and distractions they pose to students and whether they are bridging the divide of equity or widening it

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